The development of critical thinking
Critical thinking is an ability people are born with and can be learned with proper guidance and a healthy environment. Schools and colleges around the globe are now realizing the importance of critical thinking in students because it is required in different circumstances in different professions. That is why modern education is focusing on developing skills of critical thinking in all students.
Critical thinkers will identify, analyze, and solve problems systematically instead of intuition or instinct. Competitive exams and job interviews are designed to spot candidates who possess the power to think critically.
How critical thinking can we develop in a child at a young age?
Power of why?
Encourage children to ask questions. Children are very curious and have many questions at a time, when parents or teachers don't seem to be ready to answer them they get discouraged from asking them. This makes them believe that their question is irrelevant. As the parents or teachers, we must always encourage them to ask question's or any anything they come across
Let them explore
It is a good activity to let children find an answer. You can guide them like from where they can find answers but encourage them to develop their ways of solving a question. Children should go and find their won answers and feel exhilarated about it.
Introduce Situational Role-plays
Put children in other people's shoes. Different people react differently within the same situation, helping them analyze each outcome is simply as important. Put them in life-changing situations and provides them options they might choose between if they were actually in there and allow them to justify. Then ask them to reason why they failed to pick the other option. Allow them to independently think, but guide them in the right direction. Our job as parents or teachers is to be the candle and light the right path they walk upon.
Allow children to make decisions
When you allow children to guide their own way, you're making them responsible for their actions. So, before each step they take, they'll analyze each decision, the consequence, and then decide the direction within which they need to maneuver. Defining consequences for every action is vital.
The most important thing to stay in mind is that addressing with children requires plenty of patience. They may get it wrong sometimes; they may ask too many questions, they'll make decisions in a hurry. However, as their guides, we'd like to be very patient with them and keep holding their hand till they learn to take-off and fly.
“When you allow children to be creative you let them grow”